To analyze is to examine something carefully to determine how all of its parts work together as a whole. Analysis also suggests a degree of critical reflection or a sense of evaluation and judgment. Some might understand "being critical" as a tendency to point out flaws; however, being critical more accurately means careful evaluation or scrutiny. Critical analysis is a process of scrutinizing something to become aware of details and how they relate to one another. Analysis is a central part of critical thinking and problem solving.
Dobrin, Sidney I. Writing Situations. Upper Saddle River: Pearson, 2015. Print.
WHEN TO CITE
It is important to document all of your sources (books, articles, websites, etc.). Regardless of the type of information -- facts, opinions, or quotations -- that you use, you must indicate where the source came from. Give appropriate credit for the words and ideas that are not your own, otherwise you risk the consequences of plagiarism.
You can avoid plagiarism by
- making a list of the writers and viewpoints you discovered in your research and using this list to double-check the presentation of material in your paper.
- keeping the following three categories distinct in your notes: your ideas, your summaries of others' material, and exact wording you copy.
- identifying the sources of all material you borrow -- exact wording, paraphrases, ideas, arguments, and facts.
- checking with your instructor when you are uncertain about use of sources.
MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. New York : Modern Language Association of America, 2009. Print.